Monday, December 19, 2011

Career Spotlight: Dental Hygienists

Dental hygienists clean teeth and teach clients how to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

Did you know that you have eight to twelve more teeth as an adult than as a kid? Until you reach about six years old, you have 20 primary or "baby" teeth. Then, they start falling out (and the tooth fairy comes) and are replaced with adult teeth. Most adults have all 28 permanent teeth by their late teens. Then, around age 20, four more teeth usually come in the "wisdom teeth." Hopefully before this happens you've been to the dentist a few times already! Chances are, you started getting dental check-ups as a young child. Perhaps you've been going to the same one for years. This means that you probably know your hygienist well. Dental hygienists are a very important part of your dental care. You may even know your hygienist more than your dentist!

The primary goal of dental hygiene is preventative care. Dental hygienists discuss general health issues with patients and update dental charts. They inspect patients' teeth for deposits and decay, and look for any shrinkage or disease in the gums. They look to see if the gums and lymph nodes under the chin show any swelling or other signs of cancer. When x-rays need updating, or when there are new patients, hygienists take x-rays. They take great care to position the camera at different angles around the head and mouth. They also develop film for dentists to use as they diagnose problems and plan treatments.

Hygienists use dental instruments to clean plaque and various stains from teeth, in preparation for the dentist. Part of that preparation may include applying numbing agents to a patient's gums. They do this so the dentist may administer an injection with the least amount of discomfort to the client. Some hygienists are licensed to administer local anesthesia. Hygienists also apply fluoride to children's teeth.

Finally, dental hygienists perform finish work on certain procedures so the dentist can go on to the next patient. Examples include cleanings, scalings, applying sealants, and root planings. They report what work they do to the dentist, including any other concerns they may find. They counsel clients about dental health. They may teach dental health education for school children and other members of the community.


For information about schools offering training for a career as a Dental Hygienist check out OHIO CAREER INFORMATION SYSTEMS User Name: celinahs password: ohiocis03

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Financial Aid: Getting Familiar with the FAFSA

The first step in getting Financial Aid for college is to become familiar with the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid). At the recent financial aid night sponsored by the CHS guidance department, parents were given information about how to begin the often confusing process of filing the FAFSA. Here are some tips to get you started:

The FAFSA can be completed online or by mail. It is much easier to complete online. You will only have to answer questions that apply to you, and there are interactive instructions and live help. Even better, your application is submitted instantly.

The earliest you can submit your FAFSA application is January 1st. The final deadline is usually in June, but if you wait that long you will miss out on some financial aid. Many schools and states have earlier deadlines, so it’s a good idea to submit the FAFSA as soon as possible.

There are companies that offer to fill out the FAFSA for you — and charge a steep fee. Don’t pay anyone to help you fill out the FAFSA! You will have to provide all of the same information, and will fill out very similar forms. There is even a chance that you will miss out on aid if the company is missing information from you or makes mistakes.

To complete the FAFSA:

To see a video of how easy it is to complete the FAFSA, visit:

You can get a head start by filling out the FAFSA4caster at any time before you apply. The information you enter into the FAFSA4caster can be transferred to the FAFSA. It's located at:


Request your Personal Identification Number (PIN) before you fill out the FAFSA. It isn’t required, but using a PIN will speed up the process and get your information to schools faster.

You can use your PIN to sign and submit the FAFSA electronically and view your Student Aid Report (SAR) online. If you submit the FAFSA online, you’ll receive your SAR in less than a week by email. If you mail in your signature, it can take up to four weeks! Still not sure it’s worth the trouble? You will also need a PIN to update your FAFSA after you file your taxes.

To apply for your own PIN, go to:

After You Apply

If you apply online and sign using a PIN, you’ll receive your Student Aid Report (SAR) in about a week. If you are accepted into the schools you list on your FAFSA, they will offer you financial aid packages. These offers may consist of federal, state, and private funds in the form of grants, scholarships, work-study, and loans. Check out each section to learn

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Career Spotlight: Fire Investigators

Fire investigators determine the origin and causes of fires.

If everything is burned in a fire, how can you tell what caused it? While this is a sensible question, the truth is that there are many things left behind after a fire. Chemical residues, such as gasoline, are easily detected. Arson fires typically burn much hotter and faster, which affects the type of debris left behind. Burn patterns can also tell quite a bit.

There are several ways to investigate a fire. Investigators look for burn patterns. They use "air sampling machines" to detect gases, or use sniffing dogs. Wiring can be checked to see if it was improperly put together. And last but not least, witnesses can provide valuable information about the fire, including when it started and how it changed. Often, fire fighters become witnesses.

Fire investigators work on cases where the cause of a fire may be arson (intentional fires) or criminal negligence (neglect of the property). Investigators take photos of fire damage. They examine fire sites and collect evidence of possible causes of fires. Fire investigators test sites and materials to find out the facts. For example, they test burn patterns and flash points. A flash point is the lowest temperature at which a vapor will ignite. In addition, fire investigators interview witnesses. They also talk to property owners and building occupants. They have the authority to subpoena people to testify if necessary.

Next, fire investigators analyze the evidence and try to determine the probable causes of fires. Fire investigators keep records of known arsonists in their area. They compare the arson methods in new cases against the methods these arsonists have used in the past. They prepare reports of the results of their investigations. Fire investigators have the authority to swear out warrants and arrest suspects. They may also testify in court about fire cases.

Some fire investigators investigate their own fire departments. They search for neglect or violation of laws by employees. Some fire investigators educate the public, particularly children, about the dangers of fire.

Quick Facts:

  • Examine the cause fires
  • Evaluate evidence and prepare reports
  • Have experience as a firefighter, or college level training
  • Work for local and state government agencies
  • Median salary for Ohio $50,200.00 per year
For more detailed information about a career as a fire investigator, or to research other careers go to The Ohio Career Information System website.
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